What is a day trade?

Opening and closing a trade in the same day

First, what is a day trade? A trade becomes a “day trade” when an equity or equity options position is opened and closed in the same day (including pre and post market). Day trading includes buying and then selling as well as selling short and then buying to cover.


If you hold a position overnight and close it the next day, and then open the same position that same day, that is not considered a day trade unless you close the opened position that day. However, holding a position overnight, adding more to your position the next day, and then closing the entire position that same day is considered a day trade (even if you only close the portion held overnight). Continue reading below to learn more about how day trades and how to count them.


Sections


How are Day Trades Counted?

A Change in direction intraday = a day trade

Day trades occur when there is a “change in direction” after opening and closing a position in one trading day. A change in direction means entering a sell to close order after a buy to open order OR entering a buy to close order after a sell to open order. A spread must open and close as a spread to count as one day trade — otherwise, each leg counts as a day trade. Additionally, day trades also apply to the extended hour trading session. Please refer to the examples at the bottom of this article for more information. 


The tastyworks desktop platform does keep a running count of day trades. You can find your day trade counter within the account drop-down menu of the platform. The counter can be found immediately to the left of your portfolio’s beta-weighted delta metric.


*Please Note: If you have requested a pattern day trader reset due to day trading then the counter does not reset. You must track of your day trades if you decide to continue day trading. The Day Trade Counter resets on a rolling five-trading day period from your last day trade.


To learn more about day trading rules, then please click here.



Where is the Day Trade Counter Located?

Located along the top of the desktop trading platform

Detailed view:




How to Count Day Trades in the Activity tab

You don’t have to be Sherlock Holmes to find out where you performed a day trade. You can head over to the Activity tab within the desktop platform to count your day trades. The key is to look for a single underlying that has an order to OPEN and CLOSE the same day. The screenshot below illustrates a simple case on how to do this.




Example of Counting Day Trades

Example 1 - Buying a round lot of stock, closing position with two orders

Order 1: Buy 100 ABC
Order 2: Sell 60 ABC
Order 3: Sell 40 ABC

This is 1 day trade because there was only 1 “change in direction”.


Example 2 - Establishing stock position in two orders, closing position in one order

Order 1: Buy 60 ABC
Order 2: Buy 40 ABC
Order 3: Sell 100 ABC

This is 1 day trade because there was only 1 “change in direction”.


Example 3 - Buying a round lot of stock during normal trading hours, closing position during the extended market session (after-hours) on the same day.

Order 1: Buy 100 ABC (normal trading hours)
Order 2: Sell 100 ABC (extended market session)

This is 1 day trade because there was only 1 “change in direction."


Example 4 - Establishing stock position with two orders, partially stock closing position.

Order 1: Buy 60 ABC
Order 2: Buy 70 ABC
Order 3: Sell 70 ABC

This is 1 day trade because there was only 1 “change in direction”.


Example 5 - Opening a vertical spread, closing as a vertical spread

Order 1: Buy 1 ABC Jan18 100 Call, Sell 1 ABC Jan18 105 Call
Order 2: Sell 1 ABC Jan18 100 Call, Buy 1 ABC Jan18 105 Call

This is 1 day trade because there was only 1 “change in direction” and the spread was opened and closed as a spread.


Example 6 - Opening a vertical spread, closing each leg individually

Order 1: Buy 1 ABC Jan18 100 Call, Sell 1 ABC Jan18 105 Call
Order 2: Buy 1 ABC Jan18 105 Call
Order 3: Sell 1 ABC Jan18 100 Call

This is 2 day trades because there was only 1 “change in direction” but the spread was not closed as a spread.


Example 7 - Opening two vertical spreads, closing each leg individually

Order 1: Buy 1 ABC Jan18 100 Call, Sell 1 ABC Jan18 105 Call
Order 2: Buy 1 ABC Jan18 100 Call, Sell 1 ABC Jan18 105 Call
Order 3: Buy 2 ABC Jan18 105 Call
Order 4: Sell 2 ABC Jan18 100 Call

This is 2 day trades because there was only 1 “change in direction” but the spread was not closed as a spread.